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Treasury of the NationaJewels Tehran

 The incomparable "Treasury of the National Jewels" is a collection of the most expensive jewels of the world, collected over centuries
The incomparable "Treasury of the National Jewels" is a collection of the most expensive jewels of the world, collected over centuries.
Every piece of this collection is a reflection of the tumultuous history of this great nation, and the result of the creativity and artistry of the residents of this land. Each piece recalls memories of bitter-sweet victories and defeats, of the pride and arrogance of rulers, who were powerful or weak. The value of objects in Treasury of National Jewels is not limited to their economic value, but is also a reflection of the creativity and taste of Iranian craftsmen and artists over different eras of history, and represent the artistic and cultural heritage of the vast country of Iran.
These jewels were decorations for rulers, during the past eras, and often showed the glory and extravagance of their courts, as well as their power and wealth.There is no information about the quality and quantity of the treasuries before Safavid period. It can be said that recorded history of Treasury of Jewels began with Safavid Monarchs. In short, history of the amassment of the present collection is as follows:
Before Safavid dynasty, certain jewels existed in government treasuries, but it was with Safavīd dynasty that foreign travelers ( Jean-Baptist Tavernier, Chevalier Chardin, Shirley brothers, George Mainwaring and others) began to mention these treasuries. Safavīd Monarchs, over two centuries ( 1502 to 1735 AD), started to collect rare and beautiful gems.
Safavid Court brought fine stones to Isfahan, capital of Iran at that time, from the markets of India, Ottoman Empire and European countries like France and Italy.
This collection involved great Jewels that named:
1-      Gold Decanter
2-      2- These enameled rings are decorations for the horses tail.
3-      Gold and Enamel Container
4-      A Saddle Horn
5-      Gold Box decorated with Diamonds
6-    Qalyan
7- Golden Candlestick
7-      Jar of a water pipe
8-      Turquoises Cup
9-      Hat of Abbas Mirza
10- Emerald Tiara
11- Pearl Brooches
12- The Emerald Snuff-Box
13- Crown used by Pahlavi
14- Darya-i-Nur Diamond
15- Nadir's Aigrette
16- Crown used by Farah
17- The Kiani Crown
18- The Globe of Jewels
19- Peacock Throne